Day 1: Arrive Yangon
Day 2: Yangon the former Capital
Day 3: Mandalay the center of Burmese culture
Day 4: The old royal capital of Amarapura
Day 5: By river boat to the temples of Bagan
Day 6: Bagan and its thousands of temples
Day 7: Local markets and leasure
Day 8: Stilt houses near Heho
Day 9: The beautiful Inle Lake
Day 10: Shwe Yan Pyay Monastery and back to Yangon
Day 11: Departure from Myanmar
Arrive Yangon airport. Your English speaking tour guide will welcome you at the airport. Transfer to your hotel and check in. Program for the day depending on flight arrival time.
Yangon is a city of 5 million people, but the downtown area is relatively small and can easily be covered on foot. A morning stroll with your guide through Yangon’s colonial architecture to the Strand Hotel, once one of the most renowned hotels in Asia in line with the Oriental in Bangkok, Raffels in Singapore and the Peninsula in Hong Kong and during the last fifteen years restored to some of its former glory. At the Bogyoke Aung San market you will find everything of locally produced items, from Mandalay silk, ethnic minority products, silver and wood carvings to precious stones, garments and cheroots. In the heart of the city is the Sule Pagoda, the nucleus from where the city centre where were laid out in its Victorian grid pattern by the British about 150 years ago. Even if it is a predominantly Buddhist community, Yangon is still home to many other faiths, and strolling about you will see Hindu and Chinese temples, Islamic mosques, Anglican cathedrals and various Christian churches. There is even a small Jewish synagogue.
While Yangon until the 18th century was still an insignificant fishing village, its prominent and famous landmark, the Shwedagon Pagoda has stood there for more than 1000 years, mesmerizing visitors and residents alike with its glistening gold covered stupa where it is said that eight hairs of the last (Gautama) Buddha are enshrined at the base. The tip of the stupa is covered with 1800 carats gold and studded with thousands of diamonds, rubies, sapphires and topaz. A huge emerald sits in the middle to catch the first and last rays of the sun. You should go there in the late afternoon before sunset, remove you shoes and slowly wander the lower terraces together with the friendly local population of very devout Buddhists.
Morning flight to Mandalay. Met by your local guide at the airport and transfer to your hotel (the city center is about one hour’s drive from the airport). Mandalay had been the royal capital for only 25 years when the British invaded Upper Burma in 1885 and exiled King Thibaw and his queen Supyalat to India. But for thousands of years it had already been considered a sacred place for the Buddhist faith. It was King Mindon who moved the capital from neighbouring Amarapura and built the Royal Palace as the center of the new city, forming a perfect square. Surrounded by a moth, it had 12 gates – 3 on each side, marked with the signs of the zodiac. It was built entirely of teak. Today only the outer walls and the moth remain of the old structures, the old palace itself burned down in 1945 when used as military compound by Japanese occupation forces during World War II it was shelled by British troops. The buildings we can see now are very good replicas of the old palace.
Today, Mandalay is a bustling commercial city among all the golden temples and pagodas; with its location in the middle of the country it acts as a crossroad for goods coming from the outlying areas and from as far away as China, Thailand and India. On the way from the airport the guide will take you to visit the Maha Muni pagoda, which in addition to housing the golden image of the same name with its very colourful history, have many small stalls and shops. From there it is on to the artisans who produce some of the gold leaves which the devoted Buddhists bestow in large quantities on Buddha images and stupas. Gold leaf production is a handicraft that has been in the same families for generations. Later in the afternoon, the guide will take you to the former Royal Palace, before proceeding to the Shwe Kyaung (Golden Monastery).
This monastery is the only wooden structure left over from the old palace. It was moved here by King Thibaw and therefore it escaped the faith of the other palace buildings. From there it is on to the Kuthodaw Pagoda, also called “the world’s largest book”, referring to the 729 marble tablets which together contain the script of the whole Buddhist canon (Tripitaka) and the 729 small pagodas housing them. And then, at the base of the base of Mandalay Hill, you can leave your shoes and walk the about 1000 steps up to the summit (it is not a very difficult climb and the staircase is covered, but Mandalay Hill is sacred ground so shoes have to be removed). At the top there is a fantastic view over the city as well as the over the mighty Ayarwaddy River and the Sagaing and Mingun hills beyond with the many pagodas and temples.
Amarapura, about 10 km out of Mandalay has also been a royal capital during brief spells of Burmese history, but these days not much remains of the old palaces. It is, however, a very spiritual place with many monasteries and several thousand monks. There is the beautiful U Bein’s Bridge, a 1.2 km long footbridge across the Taungthaman Lake, built entirely in teak with material salvaged from the royal castle of Innwa when the capital moved from there to Amarapura two hundred years ago.
The bridge still stands after all this time and is considered the longest teak span in the world. You will also be able to watch hundreds of monks coming together for their last daily meal at around 10.30 am. Apart from its history, Amarapura is particularly known for its silk- and cotton weaving and all around you can hear the clackety-clack of the looms. Bronze casting is also a trade famous for this town.
By boat down the mighty Ayerarwady River from Mandalay to Bagan. The boat leaves very early in the morning from the jetty in Mandalay and the early morning setting along the banks are spectacular. Soon you will see Sagaing dotted with white and golden stupas and then you will pass under the old Sagaing Bridge built by the British. The river is the life line for millions of people of central Burma. You will arrive in Bagan sometime in the afternoon and where your local guide will await you at the jetty. In the evening, there is a spectacular sunset view from Shwesandaw Pagoda.
In its heydays, in the two centuries from 1057 and until the Mongol forces of Kublai Khan overran and destroyed most of it in 1287, more than 13,000 temples and other religious structures had been built around Bagan. You will not be able to cover even a small percentage of what is left, but during your stay you will be able to visit some of the best and most famous ones.
Among pagodas and temples worth visiting are Shwezigon Pagoda, a prototype of later Myanmar stupas, Wetkyi-in Gubyaukkyi Temple with fine mural paintings of Jataka scenes, Ananda Temple and Dhammayangyi, a massive temple with the finest brickwork, Manuha Temple with gigantic Buddha images, a captive king’s impression of life in prison, Nanpaya, with the finest stone carvings, Thatbyinnyu, the highest of Bagan temples, and Bupaya Pagoda on the brink of majestic Ayeyarwaddy River, Lawkahteikpan temple with mural paintings and ink inscriptions.
In the morning visit to the local market in Nyaung U and one of the many workshop that make the famous Bagan laquerware and if time permits before lunch, a few pagodas and temples left over from the day before. The afternoon spent at your own leisure, either at the hotel (which has a nice pool and garden, and the restaurant facing the river) or exploring the vicinity on bicycles or by horse cart.
Morning flight to Heho in southern Shan state. Transfer to the jetty in Nyaung Shwe and by boat out on Inle Lake and to your hotel. Sightseeing is by boat and includes visit to the Phaungdawoo Pagoda – famous for its richly gilded five small Buddha images and the Ngaphechaung monastery with its collection of ancient Buddha images. But most of the time will be spent touring the villages on stilts and observe daily life with leg-rowing fishermen, floating vegetable gardens and visit to traditional handicraft workshops.
After an early breakfast a visit by boat to a local market and from there to the western shore of Inle Lake, where you will find the beginning of a stair path leading to the well hidden Indein Pagoda complex, famous for its ruined clusters of more than 1000 pagodas dating back to 15th century. Enjoy the tranquility and peaceful ambience around the weathered ruins, as well as a short walk through the bamboo forest along the creek. Afternoon on the lake.
By boat to Nyaung Shwe and by car to Heho. On the outskirts of Nyaung Shwe visit a famous monastery built in teak wood and closer to Heho a Shan paper and umbrella making workshop. Flight to Yangon and transfer to hotel.
Enjoy your breakfast and make sure you got all the last gifts from the market, as it is already time for departure. Many memories richer you will be transferred to the airport and your further journey will begin.
English speaking guide
Transportation by private car
Airport pick up and see off
Entrance fees and permits
Food: Daily breakfast excl. day 1.
Accommodation pre or post trip
Drinks and Beverage
Meals which are not indicated
Other services not indicated as inclusive